Floriography: The Language of Flowers and Its Symbolic Meanings

Floriography: The Language of Flowers and Its Symbolic Meanings

Flowers have been used to convey emotions and sentiments for centuries. From love and joy to sorrow and grief, flowers have the ability to speak without using a single word. This language of flowers is called floriography.

Floriography is the art of using flowers to express different emotions and sentiments. It was a popular practice in Victorian England when communication of emotions was limited, particularly between the opposite sexes. During this time, flowers were not just beautiful adornments but had symbolic meanings that conveyed a specific message.

In this blog post, we will explore the language of flowers and its symbolic meanings.

History of Floriography

The history of floriography can be traced back to ancient civilizations where flowers were used for medicinal purposes as well as in religious and social ceremonies. The use of flowers as a form of communication flourished during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in Turkey, France, and Persia.

Floriography became increasingly popular in Victorian England when communication between young men and women was restricted and often controlled by chaperones. During this time, flowers were used to express emotions that could not be expressed openly. A young man would choose a bouquet of flowers that conveyed his sentiments and present them to his intended love interest.

In Victorian England, there were books written about symbolic meanings of flowers and their use in floriography. These books laid down guidelines for choosing flowers that would convey the desired message. One of the most popular books of the time was “The Language of Flowers” by Kate Greenaway.

Symbolic Meanings of Flowers

Different flowers have different symbolic meanings. Here are a few of the most popular flowers and their meanings:

1. Roses

Roses are widely regarded as the most romantic flower and have long been associated with love and passion. The color of the rose is also important, with red roses symbolizing love, white roses symbolizing purity and innocence, and pink roses representing admiration.

2. Daffodils

Daffodils represent rebirth and new beginnings. They are often associated with the arrival of spring and are given as gifts to celebrate the start of a new season or new beginnings in one’s life.

3. Orchids

Orchids represent luxury, beauty, and strength. They are often given as a gift to royalty or as a gesture of love and admiration.

4. Sunflowers

Sunflowers represent loyalty and devotion, and they are often associated with the sun and its warmth and energy. They are given as a gesture of love and loyalty to someone who has been a constant source of light and positivity in one’s life.

5. Peonies

Peonies represent love, beauty, and good fortune. They are often given as a wedding gift to symbolize a happy and prosperous marriage.

6. Tulips

Tulips represent perfect love, and they are often given as gifts to express undying love and devotion. The color of the tulip holds significance, with red tulips symbolizing passionate love and yellow tulips representing cheerful thoughts and sunshine.

7. Lilies

Lilies symbolize purity, innocence, and the return of happiness. They are often used in religious ceremonies as a symbol of the Virgin Mary’s purity.


Floriography is a beautiful art form that allows us to express our emotions without using words. With each flower representing a different emotion or sentiment, we can convey a wide range of feelings and express them in a meaningful and heartfelt way.

Whether you are sending a bouquet to a loved one or picking flowers for a special occasion, understanding the language of flowers and their symbolic meanings can add an extra layer of sentiment and emotion to your gift.

In a world where we are often consumed by technology, communication, and fast-paced living, the language of flowers reminds us to slow down and appreciate the beauty and symbolism of nature.